Types of Orthopedic Implants and Prosthesis Surgeries

types of orthopaedic implants

Types of Orthopedic Implants and Prosthesis Surgeries

An orthopaedist’s job is to treat various musculoskeletal issues such as sports injuries, joint pain and back problems. These injuries can mar the quality of life and refrain a person from being self-sustainable. Contemporary lives do not spare time for self-care and the care of others. When a person is experiencing any of the manifestations mentioned above, they must consult an orthopedist.

Orthopedists enhance life quality among people. They diagnose the patient by drawing up x-rays to understand their physical condition better. Some cases might require additional testing. The diagnosis is centered on the person’s symptoms, previous medical history, review of the x-rays and physical examination. Situations may also call for an MRI scan, CT scan, bone scan, and ultrasound, nerve conduction studies, and blood tests. The best orthopedic hospital in Bangalore uses state-of-the-art technology to assist its patients.

The most cardinal facet of an orthopedist job is to enable humans to live everyday life. Injuries can sometimes entirely mar a human body part. In such scenarios, replacing the original body part with orthopedic implants is the best solution. These parts have life-altering manifestations. The excerpt below will discuss the different types of orthopedic implants used by doctors to help nurse patients and enhance their quality of life. The best orthopedic hospital in Bangalore aims to nurse its patients the best at their capacity.

COMMONLY USED ORTHOPEDIC IMPLANTS

1) Screws: Screws used by orthopedists resemble those that a person might buy at a hardware store. Doctors use them to tighten the injured areas, such as a torn labrum or rotator cuff. When an orthopedist uses a screw, it is there for the long haul and is typically never removed. They use them to mend fractured bones and retain stability in weak areas.

2) Orthopedic plates date back to 1886, where the doctors first used them to fix long bone fractures. Despite the amount of time that has passed us by, this remains one of the most productive treatment modes to repair fractures. It helps in reconstructing and retaining stability. There are five different types of orthopedic plates:

A) Buttress plates are used to secure fractures on the end of long bones. It mainly includes the knees and the ankle. These areas experience compression and other distorting forces. These plates are contoured to enable proper movement; however, in some situations, they may be L or T-shaped.

B) Neutralization plates entail a category of plates that work in collaboration to span the fractured area. Additionally, it balances the load so that the screws or other devices can bind and support the site.

C) Doctors use bridging plates to tether the area, along with providing length and alignment. Bridging plates also have another significant Role. They promote secondary bone healing by preserving the blood supply to the fracture fragments and not disrupting the damaged area.

D) Typically, tension leads are liars used to tether the area as it heals.

E) Lastly, compression plates are metallic plates that the doctor uses to mend a bone by applying dynamic pressure between bone fragments to enhance healing.

3) Orthopaedists use prosthetic implants to replace missing joints or bones. It provides sufficient comfort and aid to the injured bone. Prostheses’ common usage occurs in healing knees and hips, enabling patients to recapture mobility and range of motion. It is a pain-free process and efficient. Sometimes, a prosthesis is coupled with a healthy bone to compensate for the damaged bone. Prostheses can entirely replace individual joint bones.

Getting prosthetic implants is not some bizarre science fiction. It is a commonplace procedure that enables people to retain mobility and enhance their life. It is the best surgical outcome for patients who have suffered an injury.

TYPES OF PROSTHESIS SURGERIES

1) C-leg prosthesis: It is a traditional process where a missing arm from under the elbow is replaced with an imitation limb.

2) Trans humeral prosthesis: THP is a prosthesis limb that replaces the missing arm above the elbow.

3) Transtibial prosthesis: TP is a prosthetic limb that replaces a missing leg right below the knees.

4) Transfemoral prosthesis: A type of prosthetic limb that replaces the missing leg above the knees.

CONCLUSION

Orthopedic implants have risen as a savior in contemporary times. People heed self-care and exercising arbitrarily. Sometimes old injuries can also go askew and cause discomfort at old age. In such situations, orthopedic implants have significantly helped people. The materials used to make these implants are biocompatible. They also have abject strength and possess affordability.

Some implants may be metallic, depending on the injury. They possess grave longevity. Other materials include polymers, but these can suffer under the load and over time. Ceramics are also used for their biocompatibility.

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